Happy Birthday Claude Vernet!! The French painter was born in 1714 and was the best known in a family of painters. He painted landscapes, many of which were imaginary, and lived in Italy for many years. Then, Louis XV commissioned him to paint the Ports of France, so he returned to his homeland. Vernet completed 16 of these dramatic representations of France. He also is known for his shipwreck scenes, as the one below, which lean toward Romanticism.